Come harvest time, you want to make sure your crop is at or below the 0.3% THC threshold to be compliant with state and federal laws. Optimum harvest time depends on choosing the right hemp strain for your growing conditions and monitoring growth along the way. The best way to do that is through potency testing before you harvest.
We offer THC content testing according to USDA guidelines to help you with compliance. Our tests identify 11 cannabinoids so you understand the full-spectrum profile of your product.
The hemp / CBD industry is growing, and so is hemp / CBD research. We support the innovation of cultivators, manufacturers, and researchers with research projects that can be customized for your needs.
Understanding the potency and cannabinoid profile of your product is key to delivering accurate dosing to consumers and patients. Cannabinoids may be beneficial for the treatment of pain, epilepsy, anxiety, inflammation, nausea and other health conditions. More than 100 different cannabinoids have been discovered to date, with new ones still being identified through ongoing research. We utilize HPLC instrumentation to determine the levels of a variety of cannabinoids.
Pesticides make their way into cannabis through direct application to the plant, or during nutrient and water uptake when the chemicals are in the soil. Pesticides can be harmful if present at high enough levels, and can be converted to other toxic byproducts upon combustion. Analysis of the 66 pesticides required by the California BCC is performed in our lab using LC-MS/MS and GC-MS/MS.
Cannabis products may be susceptible to contamination by mycotoxins during cultivation, storage, or processing. As natural byproducts of several mold species, aflatoxins and ochratoxins present serious health risks to humans and animals – including liver toxicity, immune suppression, and cancer. Our lab tests for four aflatoxins (B1, B2, G1, and G2) and ochratoxin A using LC-MS/MS.
Microbes are present everywhere in the environment, and most do not present any concern for human health. Our lab performs specific DNA-based testing for Shiga toxin–producing Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and Aspergillus fumigatus, flavus, niger and terreus as required by the California BCC. These are species of bacteria and fungus which could be harmful if ingested.
Hop Latent Viroid has recently been found to be quite prevalent, but it’s often undiagnosed and is commonly mistaken for nutritional deficiencies or pest damage. Early detection and elimination of infected plants can prevent it from spreading to unaffected plants. The Niva Labs can test for Hop Latent Viroid so you can keep healthy plants from becoming infected, which can be devastating to your entire operation. The most severe symptom is the dudding of clones. Infected plants may show yellow spotting on mature leaves, stunted growth, low bud yields, with low cannabinoid and terpene content.
When molds, fungus and pathogenic microbes enter your cultivation site the result is unhealthy products and failed compliance testing. To prevent or eliminate this, we can come to your current or future cultivation or manufacturing site, assess potential breeding grounds, and take samples back to our lab to test for over 40 types of microbes. Once we have the results, we will offer suggestions to eliminate the source and prevent recurrence based on our findings and the layout of your facility.
Terpenes are the compounds in cannabis that are responsible for the aromas that give different strains their unique characteristics. Research has shown many potential medicinal benefits of terpenes including anti-inflammatory, sedative, and antibiotic effects. Terpene analysis is done on a GC-MS with headspace capabilities.
Heavy metals are a group of elements with high density and metallic properties. There are four heavy metals of particular concern to human health because they are toxic at low levels and can accumulate in the body with repeated exposure: lead, arsenic, cadmium and mercury. Our lab tests for their presence in all types of cannabis products using ICP-MS.
Residual solvents are trace level chemical residues that are used or produced during manufacturing of products. They can also be byproducts formed during packaging and storage of products. We test for 20 different residual solvents using GC-MS with headspace capabilities.
The Niva Labs analyzes all California compliance testing samples for filth and foreign material. “Filth and foreign material” includes but is not limited to hair, insects, feces, packaging contaminants, and manufacturing waste and by-products.
Moisture content defines the amount of water in your hemp flower.
Water activity explains how the water in your food will react with microorganisms. The higher the water activity, the faster microorganisms like bacteria, yeast, and mold will be able to grow – resulting in shorter shelf life of food products.
Although testing of CBD products is not federally mandated, there is a growing trend of testing for CBD content (potency) as well as safety testing for pesticides, heavy metals, residual solvents, and microbial contaminants and making the testing results publicly available. Such transparency reassures consumers, distributors, brands, and retailers that these products contain the CBD dose that is stated on the label and provides information about product safety.
Swab Testing by The Niva Labs personnel at your cultivation or manufacturing site for a panel of over 40 bacteria and fungi.
Environmental monitoring for over 40 types of microbes to track the source of contamination to help you eliminate it.
Yes. According to the 2018 Farm Bill, “No State or Indian Tribe shall prohibit the transportation or shipment of hemp or hemp products produced in accordance with subtitle G of the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (as added by section 10113) through the State or the territory of the Indian Tribe, as applicable.”
Any industrial hemp crop that does not meet the requirements of Division 24 of the Food and Agricultural Code shall be destroyed in a manner approved by the Commissioner.
See the regulations for industrial hemp cultivation for more details.